Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology is the specialty of dentistry and pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research, diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations and management of patients.

The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology in Chitwan Medical College provides a foundation for understanding and diagnosis of head and neck diseases. This is also essential for understanding the histological basis of various dental treatment procedures. Department of Oral Pathology is also involved in training the undergraduates in Oral Biology, a composite of basic Dental Sciences & their clinical applications which include the subject of Dental Morphology, Oral Embryology, Oral Histology and Oral Physiology. Presently only undergraduate curriculum is effectively run in department and it deals with applied aspect of theoretical knowledge. The department continually runs both formal and informal teaching exercises. We believe effective teaching is both a science and art, and that teacher must study and practice teaching as well as the subject matter of their discipline in order to achieve excellence.

Apart from teaching, the department works in coordination with a dedicated team of lab technicians and other hospital staff who deals with the processing, embedding, section cutting and special stains and microscopic examination of the slides. Preparation of histological smears and staining them with routine and special stains to be viewed under a microscope to rule out an impression which aids in the diagnosis is also carried out. Oral pathology department biopsy service has offered a consultation and tissue diagnostic and reporting service to other medical and dental institutions. A consultation case should include a clinical summary of the patient’s presenting condition, copies of relevant radiographs and representative microscopic slides. The material will be evaluated promptly and returned, if so desired, along with a report.


Ongoing Research

-Microbial spectrum of compete denture wearer among old age people of Chitwan

-Computed tomography measurements of paranasal sinus at a tertiary care centre of Nepal

-Assessment of nasolacrymal canal diameter with multidetector CT in a tertiary care centre of Nepal

-Association of tooth wear and putative risk factors: a case control study

-Cortical bone thickness of mandible among Nepalese using CBCT

-Dental caries among school going children of Chaimale VDC-a cohort study

Teaching Learning Activities:

The department provides an excellent teaching learning environment for undergraduate dental

students through theory and practical classes along with group activities like model works and presentations by students. In addition, the Department actively takes part in conferences and seminars organized by the dental colleges and other organizations across the nation.

Future Plan: 

To preserve, advance, disseminate knowledge. The service is an integral part of the school of dental sciences and serves the people. The service has as its mission the following:

1) To promote Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Forensic Odontology as a specialty of dentistry and pathology, encourage collaboration and interaction with other health care providers, laboratories, hospitals and professional organizations.

2) To ensure optimal care through accurate diagnosis or management of diseases and abnormalities of the oral and maxillofacial region.

3) To provide comprehensive consultation and tissue diagnostic and reporting services to hospitals, clinicians and private practitioners and specialists in dentistry throughout Chitwan and Nepal.

4) To provide a center for teaching and dissemination of knowledge through its archived collections, its courses, scholarly exchanges and public service.

5) To establish fellowship program in oral biology and oral pathology.