Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology is the specialty of dentistry and pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research, diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations and management of patients.
The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology in Chitwan Medical College provides a foundation for understanding and diagnosis of head and neck diseases. This is also essential for understanding the histological basis of various dental treatment procedures. Department of Oral Pathology is also involved in training the undergraduates in Oral Biology, a composite of basic Dental Sciences & their clinical applications which include the subject of Dental Morphology, Oral Embryology, Oral Histology and Oral Physiology. Presently only undergraduate curriculum is effectively run in department and it deals with applied aspect of theoretical knowledge. The department continually runs both formal and informal teaching exercises. We believe effective teaching is both a science and art, and that teacher must study and practice teaching as well as the subject matter of their discipline in order to achieve excellence.
Apart from teaching, the department works in coordination with a dedicated team of lab technicians and other hospital staff who deals with the processing, embedding, section cutting and special stains and microscopic examination of the slides. Preparation of histological smears and staining them with routine and special stains to be viewed under a microscope to rule out an impression which aids in the diagnosis is also carried out. Oral pathology department biopsy service has offered a consultation and tissue diagnostic and reporting service to other medical and dental institutions. A consultation case should include a clinical summary of the patient’s presenting condition, copies of relevant radiographs and representative microscopic slides. The material will be evaluated promptly and returned, if so desired, along with a report.