Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that addresses the cause, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of defects of teeth and dental pulp. It takes care of the treatment and restoration of caries, malformed, discolored, non-esthetic, and fractured teeth. 

The primary objective of operative dentistry is to restore and maintain the natural dentition in an optimal state of health, form, function, and esthetics and its harmonious relationships with the intraoral tissues while preserving the pulpal health. 

Conservative Dentistry is the branch of Dentistry which is concerned with the conservation of teeth and includes various kinds of direct and indirect restorations of teeth. It includes the techniques and procedures to restore the teeth to full function & appearance in an aesthetically pleasing manner.

Restorative procedures such as Glass Ionomer restorations, Dental Amalgam restorations and Composite resin restorations are carried out by the department.

The indications for operative procedures generally fall into three primary treatment needs: 

  1. Caries;
  2. Malformed, discolored, non-esthetic, or fractured teeth; and 
  3. Restoration replacement or repair.

Endodontics is the branch of clinical dentistry associated with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the pathology of the dental pulp and their sequelae.

Endodontics deals with prevention and treatment of pulp and periapical diseases and dental pain management. Endodontics manages the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the dental pulp and peri-radicular tissues, usually by removal of the nerve and affected tissues of the pulp cavity and its replacement with suitable filling material known as root canal treatment. 

During root canal treatment, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed and after careful cleaning and disinfection, it is filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called “gutta-percha.” 

Advanced endodontic treatment procedures like Apexification, Apexogenesis, Complicated RCTs, Hemisection, Radisection, Apicectomy Splinting, and Endodontic surgery are also handled by this department.

The department also deals with Aesthetic dentistry which includes various esthetic treatments like Diastema closure, Laminates, Veneers, Crowns, Smile design, Tooth whitening (bleaching) and Tooth coloured restorations.


  1. Chaudhary S, Singh H, Gharti A, Adhikari B. Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Findings among Patients with Traumatic Dental Injuries Seeking Delayed Treatment. Int J Dent. 2021 Aug 23;2021:9549508. doi: 10.1155/2021/9549508. PMID: 34471410; PMCID: PMC8405333.
  2. Chaudhary, S, Singh, H, Gharti, A, & Adhikari, B. (2021). MANAGEMENT OF TRAUMATIZED ANTERIOR TEETH AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTER OF NEPAL. Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 11(3), 101-106.
  3. Chaudhary, G. K., Alam, M. S., & Hossain, M. (2021). CLINICAL EFFICACY AND SAFETY BETWEEN CONTINUOUS ROTARY AND RECIPROCATING ROOT CANAL INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS. Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 11(3), 119-125.

Ongoing Research

Teaching learning activities

For 1st year BDS Students

Lectures, Exercises and Practicals on Dental materials.

Lectures, Exercises and Practicals on Restorative Dental materials.

For 2nd year BDS Students

Lectures, Exercises and Practicals on Pre Clinical Operative Dentistry.

Providing guidance to the students during Pre-Clinical Laboratory Exercises. (Pre- Clinical Phantom Head Laboratory)

For 3rd, 4th and 5th Year BDS students.

Familiarizing the students about the department. 

Lectures and Practicals on Operative dentistry.

Lectures and Practicals on Endodontics.

Providing Guidance, Discussions and Seminars during Clinical Postings of students in the department.

Providing Guidance for Development of Clinical skills and competency of students.

Providing guidance to the students on History recording, Examination, Investigations, Diagnosis and Treatment of Dental caries and various pathological conditions of the pulp.

Helping students develop necessary clinical skills for examination diagnosis and treatment.  

Routine conductance of Exams and Evaluations.

Routine Evaluation of Students performance.