Oral medicine is the specialty concerned with diagnosis and medical management of the oral and the facial region, including orofacial manifestations of systemic diseases. 

As defined by the American Dental Association, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology is the specialty of dentistry and discipline of radiology concerned with production and interpretation of images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy that are used for the diagnosis and management of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region.

Oral cavity is the mirror of the human body and this is streamlined to specialists in oral medicine. Oral Medicine is a specialist clinical area of care for treating head and neck medical diseases. In some instances, mouth symptoms and signs reflect problems only in the mouth. However, in some cases mouth symptoms can suggest a connection with disease or problems in other parts of the body and it is the Oral Medicine specialist who can best decide what tests or investigations are needed in these situations.

Conditions managed in Oral Medicine are often chronic and may have a significant psychological, as well as physical impact on the patient’s quality of life. Some of these conditions also involve other diseases in the body, and in these cases the oral medicine specialist works as part of a multi-disciplinary patient care team.

The expansive dental and medical knowledge imparted in the Oral Medicine and Radiology course allows the clinician for comprehensive assessment, diagnosis, and non-surgical management of varied and challenging oral and para-oral oral diseases and is a prerequisite to routine dental practice. Also, opportunities as an educator or a researcher in local, national and international arenas are created for specialists in Oral Medicine and Radiology. The advancements in this field has revolutionized the manner in which oral diagnosis is made and appropriate treatment rendered. 

Goals and Objectives:

1. To diagnose the common disorders of Orofacial region by clinical examination and with the help of such investigations as may be required and medical management of oro-facial disorders with drugs and physical agents. 

2. To train the students to diagnose the common disorders of Orofacial region and about the importance, role, use and techniques of radiographs and other imaging methods in diagnosis. 

Highlights of the department are: 

  • Electric pulp tester
  • Radio-Visio-Graphy
  • Cone Beam Computed Tomography


1. Gupta A, Priyadarshinee A, Rao LN, Redhu A, Jha KS. Necrotizing sialometaplasia—A self‐limiting condition which poses a diagnostic dilemma. Clinical Case Reports. 2021 Apr;9(4):2019-22.

2. Gupta A, Rao LN. Areca nut an ignored carcinogen of Asian continent in a nutshell. Journal of Global Oral Health• Volume. 2021 Jan;4(1):67.

3. Gupta A, Ramachandra VK, Khan M, Jha KS, Vedaraju KS, Channaiah NA. A Cross-Sectional Study on Ultrasonographic Measurements of Parotid Glands in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Dentistry. 2021 Mar 2;2021.

4. Gupta A, Kumar S, Singh SK, Kumar A, Gupta A, Mehta P. Assessment of Anterior Loop of Inferior Alveolar Nerve and Its Anatomic Variations with Age, Gender, and Dentition Status in Indian Population: A CBCT Study. International Journal of Dentistry. 2021 Aug 31;2021.

5. Singh H, Chaudhary S, Gupta A, Bhatta A. Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among School Teachers in Chitwan District, Nepal. International Journal of Dentistry. 2021 Oct 4;2021.

6. Singh H, Chaudhary S, Thakur SN, Gupta A. COVID-19 factors and mental health associated with psychological distress level among dentists and dental hygienists in Nepal. Journal of Chitwan Medical College. 2021 Sep 30;11(3):26-30.

7. Kumar S, Kumar A, Gupta A, Singh SK, Gupta A, Mehta P. Assessment of the Relationship between Oral Health Behavior, Oral Hygiene, and Gingival Status of Adolescent Tobacco Consumers in Ranchi, Jharkhand: A Comparative Study. Advances in Preventive Medicine. 2021 Sep 10;2021.


Ongoing Research

1.      Radiographic assessment of condylar shape through digital panoramic radiograph

2.      Distribution of Oral Mucosal Lesions and normal variants by gender, age and site Categories: A Retrospective Study of Patients visiting a tertiary care center in

lalitpur, Nepal.

3.      Knowledge, awareness and practice regarding Oral Cancer among undergraduate students and interns in a dental/Medical Hospital .

Teaching Learning Activities:

Theory classes (BDS, MBBS): 

Lecture class (as per schedule)-powerpoint  presentation, discussion, question answer session.

Clinical postings (BDS, MBBS): as per schedule

- case history, examination and discussion.

- radiographic examination, processing and interpretations 

Future Plan

1. TENS therapy

2. Laser therapy

3. Autoflourecence based diagnostic instrument (VELscope) , imaging and spectroscopy

4. 3D printing